The WWF is run at a local level by the following offices...
- WWF Global
- Central African Republic
- Central America
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- European Policy Office
In August 2017, WWF-TH implemented a conservation project in Chiangmai and Nan provinces, where there are predominantly watershed forests and whose landscapes have high biodiversity values, to address the unsustainable issues in the food system. At least 40% of their watershed forested areas, including conservation forests, and national parks are lost due to agricultural conversion, causing damage to forest resources and ecosystem services. It is therefore critical to restore the health of the degraded landscape, which will ultimately improve local communities' livelihood, food security, climate, and overall ecosystem integrity.
Types of Seedlings
- Food crops such as cacao, avocado, coffee, or cash crops that grow within the forest landscape and is appropriate for the land: 188 trees per hectare.
- Fruit trees such as moringa, mango, longan, lychee, and cashews: 125 trees per hectare.
- Forest trees such as Teak, Java plum, Burmese Rosewood, Malacca tree, Black rosewood, Myrolan Wood, Iron wood, Beleric myrobalan, Siamese Neem Tree, white champaka , Kapok and native species: 625 trees per hectare
- Trees that provide moisture, traps water, and restores the ecosystem like bananas: 400 trees per hectare
- Herbs grown under shade of large trees: 1200 grove per hectare.
Activities and Budget for FLR349 in 1 Hectare
|Activity||Detail||Amount (USD)/ Hectare|
- Banana 400 tree (@ 78 cents)
- Cacao 188 tree (@1.7 USD)
- Digging planting holes 938 hole (@16 cents)
- Planting and staking 938 hole (@9 cents)
- Generating QR code and QR code labeling 938 tree (@6 cents)
- Planting 938 tree (@10 cents)
|| 390 USD per year in 6 year
||Investment and support of social businesses in the supply chain.||654
Total cost of FLR per hectare
A number of initiatives have been launched in Chiangmai and Nan provinces with the ultimate goal of preventing deforestation, and ensuring long-term sustainability of forest watersheds and food systems. Under the FLR349 fund, farmers are advised to shift from chemical- intensive farming practices to sustainable farming practices under the “Three Forests, Four Benefits” principle. It promotes a diversity of income sources and production modes as a sustainable strategy to secure economic needs, community livelihoods, and most importantly, freedom from a fractured food supply chain.
One of the FLR349 project sites, Baan Thub, in Mae Chaem district. The land adjustment and plantation took place in 2018.
From 2017- 2019, the project has provided support and worked together with smallholder farmers, cooperatives and local administrative organization at project sites. To date, 1370 smallholder farmers have benefited from the project, and more than 38 smallholder workshops were conducted to validate and share farming practices that better protect the environment. To date, a total of 400 hectares of maize plantation have been converted from monoculture to agroecology. They serve as model sites for sustainable agriculture and sustainable supply chains. A total of 83,558 seedlings of mixed varieties were planted on 72.8 hectares.
The FLR349 Fund is flagship model to restore watershed areas and reduce social inequality and food insecurity by applying the King’s Philosophy. It will be based on participation of all sectors and aims to yield collective benefits in line with the UN Sustainable Development Goals. It is hoped that the FLR349 Fund model can be replicated in all areas throughout the country and the world. It is expected that by 2020, we will be able to fundraise 47 million USD to develop food production forests covering an area of 8,000 hectares and turn a denuded watershed area into a lush and green ecological system to ensure food security on a sustainable basis for our children.
Social & Environmental Impacts
As a part of monitoring, the WWF Thailand worked with 2 leading research institutes to evaluate the impacts from the FLR349 fund model,
1. Thailand Development and Research Institute (TDRI): Results from the analysis show that the social return on investment (SROI) from this project is 8.367, i.e. for every 1 Thai baht invested in the “FLR349 fund”, it generates the social benefits of 8.367 Thai baht.
Farmers: access a better health and improve the knowledge of farm management, as well as income increased.
- Municipality: decrease in environmental management cost.
- Consumers: get healthier from consuming organic food.
- Restaurants: decrease in procurement expense of organic produces.
- Network: get a stronger brand image
- Government: decrease in healthcare expenses from downsizing agrochemical use.
Links to Documents
- FLR349 Information: http://www.wwf.or.th/en/scp/reforestation_activity/flr_349/
- FLR349 Brochure: https://d2ouvy59p0dg6k.cloudfront.net/downloads/flr___brochure___eng_for_press.pdf
- What is the FLR349? (Introduction video): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YAIeAjwHKbk&feature=emb_logo
1.1 Projection of product outputs
1.2 Price of agricultural products
ANNEX 1.1: Projection of product outputs
|Plant||Cost per ha||Yield per ha|
|Cost(USD)/Ha||Kg/Plant/Year||Kg/Ha/ Year||Price/Kg (USD)||Income/Ha (USD)|
|3. Fruit optional|
|3.2 Cashew nut||125||0.15625||19.53125||17||2125||0.63||1,328.13|
|3.4 Coffee (Robusta spp)||625||0.3125||195.3125||1.5||937.5||1.56||1,464.84|
|4. Forest tree||625||0.3125||195.3125|
|2. Backyard garden :|
|FLR349 business model for smallholders|
|Product/Activity||Cost per household||Cost (THB)||Income per household|
|1.green house /organic smart farm||1||250,000||350,000|
|2. mushroom / organic green house||1||100,000||200,000|
|3.Handicraft /Woven fabric||1||30,000||48,000|
|Cost per household||Income per household|
|Cost (THB)||Income (THB)/
|5. Pollinator /Bee||15||300||4,500||3||200||9,000|
|Unit||Cost (THB)||Cost (THB)/
|Cost Feed (THB)/
|Product (Egg)/Day||Price (THB)/
ANNEX1.2 : PRICE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
|Amount (USD)/ Hectare|
|4. Forest tree||625||0.31||195.31|
|5. Shrub and Herb||1250||-|
|Digging planting holes||938||0.16||146.56|
|Planting and staking||938||0.09||87.94|
|Generating QR code and QR code labeling||938||0.06||58.63|
||390 USD per year in 6 year||6||390.67||2344.02||2,344.00|
||Investment and support of social businesses in the supply chain.||654.00||654.00|